Document Type : Review Article


1 Assistant Professor of Spine Surgery, Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Infertility & IVF, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Alborz, Iran


Introduction: A woman's body undergoes physiological and anatomical changes during pregnancy that affect a number of systems, including the musculoskeletal system. These alterations may result in low back pain or low pelvic pain during or after pregnancy, impairing the movement of these structures and causing discomfort. Material and methods: Using the terms "low back pain," "pelvic girdle pain," "lumbopelvic pain," "posterior pelvic pain," "pregnancy-related low back pain," "pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain," and "pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain," we searched the literature in Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Ovid, and Google for articles in English, Portuguese, and Spanish published in the previous 20 years or older, as appropriate. Results: In this study we focus on terminology, epidemiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment, the aim of this study was to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy-related lumbosacral pain. Conclusion: One of the main causes of lumbosacral pain is pregnancy, which is also one of the most common illnesses during gestation. Pregnant women's quality of life is improved when this pathology is properly managed.


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