Document Type : Original Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, Calgary University, Canada


Cermet, an abbreviation used worldwide for a homogeneous mixture consisting of metals or alloys or one or more ceramic phases comprising approximately 15 to 18% by volume and relatively little solubility between the metal and ceramic phases at the preparation temperature. It is being used. A good definition of the word ceramic can be found in "Ceramic index". Any unusual, non-metallic product that is exposed to high temperatures during manufacture or use. By way of example, but not exclusively, the ceramic is a metal oxide, braide, carbide, or combination or mixture of such materials; In which there are anions that play an important role in atomic structure and properties. With a specific source on cermet’s, this definition of a ceramic component can be expanded to include nitrides, carbonatites, and silicides. In a broad view, cermet’s are like a special type of hard and refractory materials in the general class of metal composites. This topic is well covered in scientific papers, especially in the spectrum of specific comparable fracture volumes and metallic components. Compared to composite layers, the combination of metal and non-metal in cermet’s occurs on a very small scale. The non-metallic phase is usually non-filamentous, but a number of fine non-coaxial grains are formed, which are well dispersed and attached to the metal matrix. If the metal or ceramic component is often in the form of filaments, the material should be considered as a composite material. The connection between the non-metallic phase and the metallic background creates important effects among cermet’s; This greatly affects the phase associations, solubility and wetting characteristics associated with ceramic and metal components.


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