Document Type : Review Article


Emergency medicine specialist, Sajad Hospital, Azad university of medical science, Tabriz, Iran


Drug poisoning is a critical public health issue with significant implications for morbidity and mortality. This scoping review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of drug poisoning, focusing on epidemiology, diagnostic methods, management, and treatment. By systematically mapping the existing literature, we aim to identify the current state of knowledge in these areas and highlight gaps for future research. Preliminary findings suggest that drug poisoning affects diverse populations and involves a range of substances, including prescription medications, illicit drugs, and over-the-counter products. The epidemiology of drug poisoning varies across regions, with different patterns of substance use and associated risks. Diagnostic methods for drug poisoning encompass clinical assessment, toxicology screenings, and laboratory tests, with advancements in technology enhancing accuracy and efficiency. Management and treatment strategies for drug poisoning include supportive care, decontamination procedures, antidote administration, and psychotherapy interventions. Despite advancements in understanding drug poisoning, significant gaps remain in the literature. Limited research exists on specific populations, such as pediatric and geriatric patients, and the long-term consequences of drug poisoning. Additionally, more studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of various management and treatment approaches. This scoping review provides a foundation for future research and practice in drug poisoning. By synthesizing the current knowledge on epidemiology, diagnostic methods, management, and treatment, we aim to inform evidence-based interventions and improve patient outcomes.


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