Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Heart Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Anesthesiology, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Introduction: Cardiovascular care has become an important part of the continuity of care for cardiac patients. Its use is recommended in today's cardiac diagnostic procedures. Despite well-documented morbidity and mortality outcomes, cardiac services are underutilized. The basic principles of cardiac therapy are explained in detail. Improvements in cardiac referrals, recording, and completion are possible using new performance measures. Material and Methods: Most guidelines recommend moderate-intensity exercise (60 to 75% of your maximum heart rate based on your target heart rate or ideal heart rate) for at least 30 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week, and preferably every day. Borg aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, should be supplemented with daily water sports (such as walking after work, gardening, and housework). Results: Regular physical activity has been shown to have many cardiovascular benefits, including weight loss, lowering blood pressure, controlling diabetes and improving blood lipids. An analysis of 11 rehabilitation studies involving 115 patients found that regular physical activity was associated with a 28% reduction in all-cause mortality (6.2% vs. 9.0%) with a difference of 0.72, 95% CI 0.54–0.95)), there was a 24% reduction in myocardial infarction recurrence, but this was not significant (hazard ratio 0.76, 95% CI 0.57–1). Conclusion: Cardiovascular therapy has been shown to be safe and effective in improving quality of life and reducing morbidity and mortality in cardiac patients. Despite proven benefits, it is still not used in the treatment of heart disease. More patients will benefit from effective technology by improving referral and participation in cardiovascular care programs and personalized services involving the patient's condition.


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