Document Type : Original Article


Department of Mechatronic Engineering, Gonabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gonabad, Iran


Gas turbines are usually designed in such a way that the pressure of hot gases at the exit of the turbine and after the last moving blade is slightly lower than the atmospheric pressure. Therefore, in order to overcome the ambient pressure, a divergent duct is considered at the gas turbine outlet, and in this way, the exhaust gases, which have a relatively high temperature, are sent to the surrounding atmosphere through the exhaust. The useful output power is transferred to the compressor and then to the generator. Today, the use of gas turbines in power plants and as a generator of electricity is very valuable. In addition, they are widely used in various industries such as space industries, marine platforms, petrochemical industries, etc. These turbines can be useful especially in parts of the electricity industry that require quick installation and commissioning, as well as in cases where the national electricity grid is lost. Speed in construction and installation, low investment cost and low maintenance cost, light weight and the possibility of using multiple fuels are among the advantages of gas turbines compared to other power plants. Current gas turbines are operated with fuels such as natural gas, diesel, low thermal value gases, methane, crude oil, oil. Regarding the disadvantages of these turbines, we can mention the low efficiency and the need for major repairs after fewer working hours and the changes in power and efficiency due to atmospheric changes.


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