Document Type : Original Article


Emergency medicine specialist, Sajad Hospital, Azad university of medical science, Tabriz, Iran


The management of acute abdomen referred in the emergency department is a complex and challenging task for healthcare professionals. Acute abdomen referred refers to abdominal pain that is perceived in a location distant from the actual underlying pathology. In the emergency department setting, the primary goals of management are to rapidly assess the patient, make an accurate diagnosis, and provide timely interventions to alleviate pain and prevent complications. In this conclusion, we will summarize the key aspects of managing acute abdomen referred in the emergency department. The management of acute abdomen referred in the emergency department begins with a thorough history and physical examination, which can provide valuable clues to the underlying cause. Prompt imaging studies, such as ultrasound, CT scans, or MRI, are often utilized to aid in the diagnosis. These imaging modalities provide detailed anatomical information and help identify the affected organs or structures contributing to the referred pain. Pharmacological interventions play a crucial role in the emergency management of acute abdomen referred. Analgesics, such as NSAIDs or opioids, are administered to relieve pain and provide comfort to the patient. Antibiotics may be initiated in cases where infection is suspected or confirmed. Proton pump inhibitors and antispasmodics are used to address specific causes of referred pain, such as peptic ulcers or functional gastrointestinal disorders. Surgical intervention may be necessary in cases where conservative management approaches fail or when a definitive diagnosis requires direct visualization and tissue sampling. Emergency surgical procedures such as appendectomy, cholecystectomy, or salpingectomy are performed to address specific underlying causes of acute abdomen referred. In the emergency department, timely decision-making and effective communication among healthcare professionals are crucial for the optimal management of acute abdomen referred. Multidisciplinary collaboration, involving emergency physicians, surgeons, radiologists, and other specialists, ensures a comprehensive approach to diagnosis and management.


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